Rowing is certainly a mode of exercise that people can progress very quickly in. In fact, its not uncommon for a talented athlete to start rowing and make their countrys national team within just two or three short years. The point is only to say it doesnt take long to become a relatively effective rower.
That being said, common mistakes still ensue, but before we get to the mistakes, let’s clear up some terminology first so were all on the same page.


The catch: This is the portion of the stroke whereif you were in a boatthis is where youd place the oar into the water. Its essentially the start of the stroke, where youre sitting up tall and your handle is close to the cage, just as youre getting ready to drive your legs down hard.


The drive: This is the exertion part of the stroke where youre driving from the catch position to the finish positionwhen youre pushing your legs down, then opening your body, and finally pulling the handle to your chest.


The finish: Like the name says, the finish is the end of the stroke. If you were in a boat, your oar would come out of the water at this point. At the finish, your spine should be neutral and you should be leaning back and your handle should be pulled in right to your chest.


The recovery: This is the part of the stoke where you travel from the finish back to the catch. It begins by straightening your arms back out, swinging your body until your shoulders are in front of your hips, and then pulling your body back up to the catch position. Like the name says, you essentially do have a moment to recovery during this phase of the stroke. 


Ok, back to the five common mistakes


5. Bending your knees too early on the recovery:

The first thing that should happen when you reach the finish is your hands and arms should start moving back toward the catch position, and then your body should follow by swinging it over until your shoulders are in front of your hips (though you swing your body forward, you still want to think about sitting up tall and avoid hunching in your shoulders as you swing). Often, though, I see people bending their knees before their arms or body start to move. What ends up happening then is the handle hits your knees as you continue to move back to the catch, stopping the handle from moving in a near perfectly linear fashion, which is what we want. Often when I tell people to correct this, they shoot their arms out too fast as if theyre in a rush to clear their knees. Dont be in a rush. Hold your knees straight as you straighten out your arms at the same speed at which they pulled into your chest. Wait for your body to swing over, and then start moving toward the catch with your legs.


4. Rushing the recovery:

Usually people speed up the recovery as they get closer to the catch, which is the exact opposite of what you want. Your recovery should actually slow down as you move back into the catch. In rowing it’s called “rushing the top quarter of the slide.” As your body gets closer to the catch, think about consciously resisting the urge to speed up your forward motion.


3. Pausing at the finish:

This might actually be the most common mistake! People want to catch their breath, so they pause for a second or two at the finish. This essentially stops the boat (or in this case, the machine), causing your power to drop significantly and eliminating much of the momentum from your previous stroke. Instead, as soon as your pull your hands to your chest, start moving them back out again. If you feel its all happening too fast and youre not getting a chance to breathe, think about slowing down the recovery, and ultimately your stroke rate (see #2). Breathe on the recovery, not by pausing at the finish position.


2. High stroke rate:

Rowing is all about efficiency. Just because you’re stroking at a high rate, like 32 strokes per minute, doesn’t mean youre moving the boat fast. The best rowers know how to row with a lot of power at a low stroke rate.

For our purposesas a general rulethe only time you should ever be stroking at 32-plus strokes per minute is if youre going for a 500-meter all-out sprint. For a novice rower, I would generally recommend doing a 2-km piece at around 28 strokes per minute (max 30),  and a 5-km piece at around 26. Similarly, if youre rowing in a conditioning workout (let’s say 3 rounds of 500 meter row, 12 deadlifts and 21 box jumps) try to keep your stroke rate between 24 and 26. This doesn’t mean you cant still drive hard and powerfully. And eventually as you become more proficient you will be able to row at a higher stroke rate, but its important to learn to row well at a lower stroke rate first. 


1. Early arm bend:

As you drive, your arms should stay straight until the last portion of the drive. The sequence goes: legs, back, arms. If you can see or feel that your arms are bent before or as your cross your knees with the handle, you know youre bending them too soon. 

See this story for more rowing tips: http://journal.crossfit.com/2016/10/row-pro-calories-vs-meters.tpl